On the second Thursday of October, people all around the world celebrate World Sight Day. This global event draws attention to blindness, visual impairments, and the prevention methods of both. It’s praised as the, “most important advocacy and communications event on the eye health calendar.”


World Sight Day was originally created in 2000 as part of the SightFirst Campaign launched by the Lions Club International Foundation (LCIF). It was then incorporated into VISION 2020, a global initiative to, “eliminate avoidable blindness as a public health problem by the year 2020.” World Sight Day is organized every year by the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) and the World Health Organization (WHO). IAPB takes on the responsibility of deciding on each year’s theme and creating the main materials. From there, members and organizations plan their own events.

In 2017, there were 608 World Sight Day events throughout 115 countries. These events ranged from seminars to donation drives and even online-only events.

Girl wearing glass while walking through plants her height. Text says, “Eye Care Everywhere Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in most regions of the world #WorldSightDay” with the 2018 World Sight Day and IAPB logos


World Sight Day has a few goals they focus on every year. Firstly, they want to raise public awareness. Educating the public about blindness and visual impairments as an international health issue is crucial to this cause. Secondly, IAPB wants governments around the world to implement blindness prevention programs through World Sight Day participation and allocated funds. Lastly, they want their target audience to learn about blindness prevention, spread the word about VISION 2020’s goal, and gather support for related activities.

All these efforts equate to meeting their goal of eliminating preventable blindness around the world.

Stats & Prevention

There are a few prevalent causes of preventable blindness. Some of these include:

  1. Nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism and other uncorrected refractive errors
  2. Unoperated cataracts
  3. Untreated Glaucoma
  4. Diabetic retinopathy

Did you know that approximately…

  • 90% of people with visual impairments are in developing countries
  • 65% of people with visual impairments are over the age of 50
  • 19 million children have a significant visual impairment; many of which are preventable
  • 1.4 million children have lifelong vision loss

There are steps you can take to preserve your sight and avoid preventable blindness. Some of these steps include:

  1. Regular eye exams — Early detection is a great way to prevent future vision loss
  2. Learn about your family’s vision history — Some preventable vision issues are genetic
  3. Quit smoking and drink less alcohol — These can lead to an increased chance of getting cataracts and other vision issues
  4. Wear eye protection — Preventing eye injury is a sizable step in preventing vision loss
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2018 World Sight Day logo

This Year’s Theme

World Sight Day 2018 falls on October 11th. This year they’re continuing with their theme “Universal Eye Health” for the sixth year in a row with a focus on “Eye Care Everywhere.” This year’s goal is that, “everyone, everywhere has access to good eye health.”

“We know now that 1.2 billion people don’t have access to glasses. Over 3 out of 4–75% — of the world’s vision impaired are avoidably so. What can be done to arrest this unconscionable fact? First, arm yourself with your country’s prevalence data and Eye Health system information–the number of trained eye health personnel, your country’s plans to tackle blindness.”

This post was written by Jessica Sanders

Originally published at brailleworks.com on October 10, 2018.

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